Same as Air Waybill
Guide The official scheduling guide for scheduled
air freight services, published by the Official Airline Guides (OAG). It contains
current Domestic and international cargo flight schedules, including freighter,
wide body and combination passenger-cargo flights. Each monthly issue also
contains information on air carriers’ special services, airline and aircraft
decoding, airport codes, air carrier and freight forwarders directory, customs
information, glossary of ULD terms and information, cargo charter airlines,
interline air freight agreements, aircraft loading charts and more.
Cargo, Inc (ACI) A
ground service corporation jointly owned by several U.S. scheduled airlines.
In addition to its airline owners, ACI serves over 50 air freight forwarders
and international air carriers as associate participants. One of ACI’s major
functions is to facilitate the surface movement of air freight by negotiating
and supervising the performance of a nationwide series of contracts under which
trucking companies provide both local pickup and delivery service at airport
cities and over-the-road truck service to move air freight to and from points
not directly served by the airlines. ACI publishes a directory of these trucking
services, listing points served in the United States and the applicable pickup
and delivery rates. Other services include claims inspection, terminal handling,
telemarketing service, group purchasing )equipment, supplies, insurance) and
Shipments for which the airline provides a guaranteed level of expedited
service, such as overnight, at a premium charge. It may be restricted as to
package weight and size.
Property other than mail. Express, or passenger baggage tendered to an airline
Forwarder A Service organization which serves the dual
role of air carrier (usually indirect) and shipper. To the shipper the air
freight forwarder is an indirect air carrier because it receives freight under
its own tariff, yet does not actually operate the airplanes. The air freight
forwarder provides pick-up and delivery service to and from the shippers dock,
consolidates shipments into larger units, prepares shipping documentation and
tenders shipments to the airlines. To the airlines, the air freight forwarder
is a shipper. Ordinarily an air freight forwarder is classed as an indirect
air carrier, however, some air freight forwarders operate their own aircraft.
Tariff Publishing Co. (ATPCO)
Publisher of airline industry tariffs setting forth rates and rules applicable
to air freight. Tariffs are available on a subscription basis.
Mail Facility (AMF) A U.S.
Postal Service facility located on or adjacent to an airport that is primarily
engaged in the dispatch, receipt, and transfer of mail directly with air carriers.
to Airport Air cargo service from airport of origin
to airport of destination, without pick-up and delivery service.
Association of America (ATA)
A trade and service organization for U.S. scheduled airlines. In the cargo
field, ATA works with the airlines, the Government, and shippers in developing
improved standards and techniques in all phases of air cargo. ATA is an authoritative
source of information on cargo matters such as air freight packaging practices,
automation, data on air freight growth and statistical data on air cargo services.
(Airbill) A shipping document
used by the airlines for air freight. It serves as a contract for carriage
and includes carrier conditions of carriage such as limits of liability and
claims procedures. The air waybill also contains shipping instructions to the
airline, a description of the commodity, and applicable transportation charges.
The airline industry has adopted a standard formatted air waybill that accommodates
both domestic and international traffic.
Cabin Load (ACL) The maximum payload weight that can
be carried on an airplane on a specific route segment under a specific set of
of Extraordinary Value (A.E.V.) Commodities identified
as high value items.
Proof of Delivery (P.O.D.)
Information automatically sent to payer containing name of person who signed
for the package with date and time of delivery.
Passenger personal property or other passenger articles transported in connection
with a journey. Unless otherwise specified, it includes both checked and unchecked
Cart A towed vehicles used for ramp transport of bulk
freight, baggage, and mail.
or Holds Compartments located beneath the cabin of an
aircraft and used for the carriage of cargo and passenger baggage.
A vehicle equipped with an adjustable height belt conveyor designed for loading/unloading
Lading A document by which a carrier receipts for goods
and contracts to move them. In air freight, the air waybill serves as the bill
of lading and is the contract for carriage.
An airline terminal approved by the U.S. Treasury Department for storage of
goods until Customs duties are paid or the goods are otherwise released.
Disassembling or unpacking a consolidated shipment for delivery or for reconsignment.
Loose cargo, not unitized, not loaded in containers or on pallets.
Carts Mobile units which
transfer the bulk cargo from the airplane to the cargo handling terminal or
to other airport locations.
Cargo loaded as loose pieces into airplane compartments.
Aircraft for the carriage of cargo only, rather than the combination of
passengers and cargo. Cargo aircraft carry palletized or containerized traffic
on the main deck and either unitized or bulk cargo on the lower deck. Cargo
aircraft are normally equipped with special cargo loading systems on the main
deck. Also referred to as freighters or all-cargo aircraft.
An agent appointed by an airline to solicit and process international
air freight for shipments. Cargo agents are paid commissions by the airline.
Mobile equipment with elevation platforms and powered rollers for loading/
unloading ULDs on airplane main decks or lower lobes. It may be “scissor” or
“post” design, or a forklift equipped with a non- powered roller platform.
Agent Ground service operator
who provides pickup and delivery in areas not served directly by air carrier.
Weight The weight of the
shipment used in determining air freight charges. The chargeable weight may
be the dimensional weight or the actual scale weight of the shipment. See dimensional
Collect Transportation charges may include pickup and/or
delivery and are entered on the air waybill to be collected from the consigned.
Equivalent terms are “freight collect” or “charges forward.”
Service The temporary hiring of an aircraft, usually
on a trip basis, for the movement of cargo or passengers.
Number A single digit of the air waybill number used
to insure that the air waybill number is correctly entered into a computer system.
Board (CAB) Federal agency
created by Congress in 1938 to promote the development of the U.S. air transport
system, to award air routes, and to regulate passengers fares and cargo rates.
Legislation passed by the U.S. Congress in 1978 terminated the CAB, effective
January 1, 1985. Many of the CAB functions were transferred to the Department
of Transportation (DOT).
Charges The transportation practice under which the receiver
of the goods pays charges. See Charges Collect.
on Delivery (COD) A transportation service under which the
purchase price of the goods in collected by the carrier from the receiver at
the time of delivery. Payment Is subsequently transmitted to the shipper.
Carriers charge a nominal fee for this service. Payment is due upon delivery.
There are no credit provisions in COD service.
An acronym for “company-owned material.” The airlines own property (Spare
parts, station supplies, ticket stock, etc.) carried on the airlines own airplanes.
An airplane configured to carry both passengers and unitized cargo on the
Carriers Scheduled air carriers who transport both passengers
and cargo in passenger configured aircraft, with cargo restricted to the lower
The person or firm whose name appears on the air waybill as the
party to whom the goods are to be delivered by the carrier.
Synonym for shipment. A shipment of one or more pieces of property, accepted
by the carrier from one shipper at one time, receipted for in one lot, and moving
on one air waybill.
The person or firm whose name appears on the air waybill as the party contracting
with the carrier for carriage of the goods. Usually the shipper.
A number of separate shipments that have been assembled into one shipment for
movement on one air waybill from one location to another.
An entity that provides consolidation services, joining multiple shipments
into a single shipment fro tender to an air carrier. An Air Freight Forwarder
performs the function of a consolidator.
A unit load device (ULD) which interfaces directly with the airplane cargo
handling and restraint system. (See Unit Load Device.)
The practice or technique of using a boxlike device (containers) in which a
number of packages are stored, protected, and handled as a single unit in transit.
Non-structural A bottomless,
rigid shell made of fiberglass, metal or other suitable material used in combination
with an airplane pallet and net assembly.
Rate A rate for the transportation of an entire container
or ULD at a uniform charge, regardless of the weight of its content, unless
a pivot weight is specified (See Pivot Weight)
Structural A rigid structure that performs the function
of a ULD without the use of restraining net.
ULD A ULD shaped to fit the airplane envelope
to utilize the maximum space available.
Rate An unpublished rate
established by contractual agreement between a carrier and a regular shipper,
usually linked to a minimum volume requirement over a specified time period.
Contract rates are sometimes a specified percentage discount of published rates.
Airplane An airplane which can be converted from an
all-passenger configuration to an all-cargo configuration or vice-versa, or
to various configurations of passengers and cargo.
movement The coordination and preplanning of schedules
and air transport services between two or more carriers or shippers, often involving
interline agreements and joint rates. Such services may involve the use of
all forms of air as well as surface transport.
Attendant who accompanies cargo shipment(s). Also, attendant such as groom
or veterinarian who accompany rare horses or other live animals.
A tariff basis stating the minimum density on which weight-based charges are
to be computer (See Dimensional Weight)
The carrying capacity within an aircraft or container, expressed either
in cubic feet, cubic inches, cubic centimeters or cubic meters.
Broker A broker who is certified by the U.S. Bureau of Customs to
act for importers and other businessmen in handling the sequence of Customs
formalities and other details related to the legal importation of goods.
The designated government authority that regulates the flow of goods to/from
a country and collects duties levied by a country on imports and exports.
The term also applies to the procedures involved in such collection.
Court A U.S. Customs Services
court based in New York, NY, consisting of three 3-party divisions to which
importers may appeal or protest classification and value decisions and certain
other actions taken by U.S. Customs Service.
Declaration A statement, oral or written, attesting
to the correctness of description, quantity, value, etc., of merchandise offered
for importation into the United States.
Hundredweight (100 lb). The standard unit used for establishing U.S.
domestic cargo rates, other than specified container rates.
Goods The United Nation’s official term for Hazardous Materials.
Articles or substances which are capable of posing a significant risk to the
health or safety of the general public when transported by air and which are
classified according to the most current editions of the ICAO Technical Instructions
for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air and the IATA Dangerous Goods
Regulations. See Hazardous Materials.
Value for Carriage The value of goods declared to the
carrier by the shipper for the purposes of determining charges of or establishing
the limit of the carrier’s liability for loss, damage, or delay. See Valuation
Value for Customs The selling price of the contents
or the replacement cost if the contents are not for resale. The amount mush
be equal to or greater than the declared value.
Air Freight Property received for air transportation
at a level of service lower than standard service (e.g., space available) and
transported at a lower charge than standard air freight.
Rate A rate that is lower
than the corresponding standard rates for a comparable shipment. A shipper
using a deferred rate agrees to accept a lower level or service in return for
the lower rate.
The detention of containers by shippers or receives of freight beyond a specified
grace period. The airlines tender carrier owned containers to the customer
for loading and unloading of the unit. In the event the container is not returned
to the carrier within a specified time (usually 36-48 hours) a charge may be
assessed by the carrier for each 24-hour period or fraction there of beyond
the allowed time.
Density is weight per unit of volume. Density is computer by dividing a
shipments weight by its cubic volume. Generally expressed in pounds per cubic
foot in the U.S.
of Transportation (DOT) An
executive department of the U.S. Government established by the Department of
Transportation Act of 1966 for the purposes of developing national transportation
policies. As a result of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978, the Dot acquired
many of the functions of the CAB.
Weight (Volume Weight) A
computed weight based on a minimum density requirement. It is used to determine
the freight charges for low dense shipments. It is computed by dividing the
shipment volume by the minimum density requirement. The Dimensional Weight
Rule was developed to insure fair compensation for low-density shipments. When
a given shipment falls below the minimum density requirement, dimensional weight
rather than actual weight is used to calculate the transportation charged.
Minimum density requirements vary from carrier to carrier. Some carriers give
discounts for shipments of high-density goods.
Carrier An air carrier
that operates airplanes on a scheduled or contract (charter) basis, or both,
and provides transportation for a charge. An airline as opposed to a freight
A piece of equipment used to move containers or pallets around the airport
with the aid of a tractor.
Door or Dock to Dock Transportation
of a shipment from the shipper’s premises (factory, store, warehouse, etc.)
to the consignee’s premises (as opposed to airport to airport).
The Tax imposed on imports by the Customs authority of a country. Duties
are generally based on the value of the goods (ad valorem duties), but may be
based on weight or quantity (specific duties) or a combination of value and
other factors (compound duties).
Data Interchange (EDI)
A computerized system for communicating information about a shipment, including
tracking and tracing, air waybill information and customs documentation.
Temporary refusal to accept traffic for transportation at certain points
or in certain routes due to emergencies, limitation of facilities, or other
Ratings Rates set at a certain percentage above the
general commodity rates because they apply to commodities that require special
handling, such as live animals, human remains, or automotive vehicles.
See Declared Value
A Government document which permits the “Licensee” to engage in the export
of designated goods to certain destinations.
Small parcel shipments for which premium (usually overnight) service is
Dimensions, ULD The Extreme
outside measurement, including any handles or other protrusions, on a ULD.
Volume, ULD The amount
of space a ULD occupies in an airplane, calculated using the extreme external
dimensions of the unit.
Aviation Administration (FAA)
Created under the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 as the Federal Aviation Agency
and charged with the responsibility of promulgation operational standards and
procedures for all classes of aviation in the United States. With the creation
of the cabinet level Department of Transportation in 1966 FAA became a unit
within the new Department and received the new designation Federal Aviation
Administration. The FAA Administrator, however, continues to be a presidential
appointee and the FAA remains a separate entity with most of its former functions.
In the field of air cargo FAA promulgates certain stress standards, which must
be me in the tie down of cargo in flight.
Trade Zone A port designated by the Government of a
country for duty-free entry of any non-prohibited goods. Merchandise may be
stored, displayed, used for manufacturing, etc. within the zone and re-exported
without duties being paid. Duties are imposed on the merchandise (or items manufactured
from the merchandise) only when the goods pass from the foreign trade zone into
an area of the country subject to the Customs authority.
Side (FAS) A basis of pricing
meaning the price of goods alongside a transport vessel at a specified location.
The buyer is responsible for loading the goods onto the transport vessel and
pays all the cost of shipping beyond that location.
Domicile A term used in international transportation
where the shipper pays all transportation charges and any applicable duties
Board (FOB) A pricing term indication that the quoted
price includes the cost of loading the goods into transport vessels at the specified
Zone See Foreign Trade Zone
Generally refers to air cargo, but does include air express, mail or passenger
An all-cargo airplane. See Cargo Aircraft
Forwarder See Air Freight Forwarder
Commodity Rate (GCR) An air freight rate applicable
to all commodities except those for which specific rates have been filed such
rates are based on weight and distance and are published for each pair of cities
an airline serves.
Order (GO) Merchandise not entered within 5 working days
after arrival of the carrier and subsequently stored at the risk and expense
of the importer.
Entire weight of a shipment including the weight of containers (tare weight)
and packaging material. On an air waybill, the tare weight (when applicable)
and shipment weight are listed separately.
materials (Hazmat) The U.S. Government’s official term
for Dangerous Goods. Items of freight that are inherently harmful and classified
under Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Hazardous Materials may
only be transported under certain conditions relative to packaging, quantity
carried, airplane type, location on board the airplane, etc., and in conformance
with applicable rules. Also see Dangerous Goods.
Airplane Equivalent to wide-bodied airplanes. Specifically
refers to B747, B767, B777, A300, A330, A340, DC10, MD-11, L-1011, IL-86 &
Pickup Freight to be held at the carrier’s destination
location for pickup by the recipient.
Spoke System An airline
route pattern that directs traffic from many cities into a central hub designed
to connect with other flights to final destinations. They system maximizes
fleet utilization by connecting many markets through a central hub with fewer
flights than would be required to connect each pair of cities in a point to
A structural or non-structural container contoured to the dimensions of
a standard-body freighter main deck.
A document required and issued by some national governments authorizing
the importation of goods into their individual counties.
As applied to air freight coming into the United States, the term “in Bond”
refers to a procedure under U.S. Customs rules where the clearance of cargo
is postponed until the cargo reaches an inland Customs point rather than subjecting
the cargo to clearance procedures at the first arriving U.S. gateway airport
where process might be more time consuming. The procedure is so named because
the cargo moves under the carrier’s bond (financial liability assured by the
carrier) from the gateway airport and remains “In Bond” until Customs releases
the cargo at the inland Customs point (airport).
Air Carrier Indirect
air carriers are those businesses authorized to receive freight from shippers
under their own tariff, but who utilize certified air carriers (direct air carriers)
to perform the air transportation services. See Air Freight Forwarder.
Carrier A carrier that provides door-to-door air cargo
transportation using its own or contracted airplanes and motor trucks, and performs
this service under the authority of a singe air waybill (e.g. United Parcel
Service and Federal Express).
The movement of a shipment via two or more carriers. See coordinated Movement
and Intermodal Compatibility.
Movement of goods by more than one mode of Transport, i.e. railroad, truck,
ship and airplane, in the same ULD, under a singe waybill.
Compatibility The capability
to transfer a shipment from one mode of transport to another, as from airplane
to highway truck, to railway freight car, to ocean vessel. Certain aircraft
can accommodate large types of standard containers commonly used in surface
Container A structural container designed for carriage
on airplanes, trucks, rail cars, and ocean vessels and equipped with corner
fittings for restraint on a truck chassis and/or for lifting by crane or other
Fittings A means of securing cargo inside a container.
Volume, ULD Maximum available
space within the container or pallet net envelope.
Air Transport Association (IATA) An international trade
and service organization for airlines of more than 100 countries serving international
routes. IATA activities on behalf of shippers in international air freight include
development of containerization programs, freight handling techniques and, for
some airlines, uniform rates and rules.
Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) The International
Aviation Organization of Governments, ICAO is an agency of the United Nations
. It was organized to insure orderly worldwide technical development of civil
Organization for Standardization (ISO)
A worldwide federation of national standards organizations. “ISO container”
denotes a container equipped with standard ISO corner fittings for lifting or
for retaining on a truck chassis.
A single through-rate on cargo moving via two or more air carriers or air
and surface carriers.
Time (JIT) The principle
of production and inventory control that calls for immediate movement of raw
materials, component parts, and work-in-progress. Goods arrive when needed
(just in time) for production or use rather than becoming expensive inventory
that occupies costly warehouse space.
Lay Order The
period during which the imported merchandise may remain at the place or unloading
without some action being taken for its disposition, i.e., beyond the 5-day
General Order period
Length & Girth
A limitation on shipment size occasionally used by an airline. The equation
used to calculate length and girth: Length + (2 x width) + (2 x height). The
largest measurement always used as the length in the equation.
Letter of Credit (LC)
A document issued by a bank at the request of the buyer of goods. The LC
guarantees payment to the seller given receipt by the bank of certain shipping
documents validating the delivery of goods, within a specified time period.
Load Factor, Cargo
The percentage of total available cargo capacity occupied by revenue cargo.
It may be computer on the basis of volume, weight, or ULD capability.
Loading Gauge A
rigid framework in the shape of an airplane interior contour for the purpose
of checking a pallet load on the ground to ensure it will fit into a particular
position in a specific airplane type. Also referred to as a template.
Loose Cargo, Loose Shipments
Air cargo delivered to an airline as separate packages and loaded and unloaded
onto airplanes (or ULDs) by airline employees, and then delivered as separate
pieces to the consigned. See Bulk Cargo.
Lot Labels Labels
attached to each piece of a multiple lot shipment for identification purposes.
The compartment below the main deck (also called “lower love,’ ‘Lower hold,’
‘pit’ or ‘belly’).
Lower Deck Container/Pallet
A ULD shaped to fit the lower deck cargo compartment. These units come in half
sizes and full sizes, related to the width across the airplane.
Less Than Truckload. A term used by motor carriers to designate small shipments
that are handled as loose pieces as opposed to full truckloads.
The deck on which the major portion of the payload is carried.
Main Deck Container/Pallet
A ULD carried on the main deck. These units come in half sizes and full
sizes, related to the width across the airplane.
Information placed on outer surface of shipping containers or packages such
as address labels, box specifications, caution, or directional warnings.
Maximum Gross Payload
On a cargo airplane, the maximum weight allowed and available for cargo.
It includes the weight of the cargo, containers, pallets, straps and nets.
Maximum Gross Weight, ULD
The maximum allowable combined weight of the ULD and its contents (payload).
Publications which contain rules and rate information extracted from official
tariffs. Memorandum tariffs are published by many carriers and are available
from these carriers upon request.
The lowest rate applicable on each type of air cargo service no matter how
small the shipment.
The lowest weight at which a freight rate is applicable (See Weight Break).
In the U.S., an agreed rate between an airline and a shipper which is not
otherwise provided in the current air freight rate tariff. These rates became
legal when airfreight was deregulated in November in 1977.
New Weight The
total weight of a shipment less the weight of containers, pallets, nets or straps.
Neutral Air Waybill
A standard air waybill without identification of issuing carrier.
A unit load device composed of a bottomless rigid shell used in combination
with a pallet and net assembly.
Unusually large or heavy cargo that will not fit in the cargo areas of standard-body
freighters or passenger airplanes. Cargo the exceeds the standard dimensions
of common ULDs.
A platform of standard dimensions on which goods are assembled and secured
by nets and straps before being loaded as a unit onto an airplane. It has a
flat undersurface to interface with ball, roller, or caster surfaces.
A webbing or rope that can be secured to the pallet edges for restraining
a pallet load. It may be used with a nonstructural container.
Pickup and Delivery (PU&D)
An optional service for the surface transport of shipments from shipper’s
dock to origination air terminal and from the air terminal of destination to
receiver’s dock. For airfreight, an additional charge is usually assessed.
It may be provide by an air freight forwarder, an integrated carrier, or by
an independent truck operator either separately or under contract to an airline.
For shipments moving at container rates, it is the weight at which an additional
charge is incurred for each pound over the picot weight. For shipments moving
at bulk rates, the pivot weight is the weight at which it becomes less costly
to pay the minimum charge at the higher weight break, than to pay for the actual
weight at the lower weight break.
Port of Entry An
officially designated place at which a U.S. Customs officer is assigned with
authority to accept entries of merchandise, to collect duties, and to enforce
the various provisions of the U.S. Customs laws.
The transportation trade practice under which the shipper pays transportation
Priority Air Freight
Those shipments that have first claim on available air transport capacity,
transported at a premium charge.
Proof of Deliver (P.O.D.)
Information provide to payer containing the name of person who signed for
the package with the date and time of delivery.
A protective service provided by airlines where shippers arrange to have
a shipment under carrier surveillance tat each stage of transit from origin
to destination. The service may extend to pickup and delivery and may include
armed guard protection. See Signature Service.
The system installed in the floor of an airplane compartment that secures
the ULD onto the floor to prevent its movement during flight. Also, a net in
front of the cargo load to protect the flight crew and/or passengers.
An outdated term used to denote Dangerous Goods. These term is no longer
used in regulations. See Dangerous Goods and Hazardous Material.
Road Feeder Service (RFS)
Freight service provided by the airlines using motor trucks, generally in
conjunction with an air movement.
Roller Ball Transfer
A conveyor system in an airplane or in terminal facilities consisting of
various sizes of balls or rollers over which ULDs con be moved.
A standardized track on the main-deck of an airplane, designed
to accept tie-down fittings. It is typically a continuous track capable of
accepting tie-down fittings at any of the regularly spaced intervals provided.
May also be referred as a cargo track.
The superstructure of any container or igloo.
Shipment One or more pieces of freight being transported under the contracted authority
of one air waybill.
Shipper’s Exportation Declaration (SED)
A form required for the export of goods from the U.S., when
the value of a single shipment of one commodity is more than $1,500, or when
an export license is required.
Shipper’s Letter of Instruction
A form used by a shipper to authorize an airline to issue an air waybill
on the shipper’s behalf. The for contains all details of shipment and authorizes
the airline to sign the air waybill in the name of the shipper.
A service designed to provide continuous
responsibility for the custody of shipments in transit, so named because a signature
is required from each person handling the shipment at each stage of its transit
form origin to destination.
Small Package Service
A specialized service guaranteeing the delivery of small parcels
within specified express time limits, e.g. same day or next day. This traffic
is subject to size and weight limitations. Most passenger air carriers also
provide this service at airport ticket counters with delivery at destination
baggage claim area. Often referred to as counter to counter.
Rates that apply to traffic under special conditions in selected makers.
Examples of such rates are container rates, exception ratings, and surface-air
Specific Commodity Rates (SCR)
Rates applicable to certain classes of commodities. Usually these rates
are applied to commodities that move in large volume shipments in a given market.
Hence, specific commodity rates re usually lower than the general commodity
rate between the same pair of cities.
Tare Weight The
actual weight of a container or pallet when empty, including all liners and/or
Tare Weight Allowance
A free weight allowance given to shippers as part of a unitization incentive
program for ULDs.
document setting forth applicable rules, rates, and charges for the movement
of goods. A tariff sets forth a contract of carriage for the shipper, the consignee,
and the carrier. Tariffs are sometimes published by the carriers themselves
and by a variety of publishing agencies, such as the Airline Tariff Publishing
Company (ATPCO), The Air Cargo Tariff (TACT) and Cargo Rates Services, Inc.
See Loading Gauge
A ULD built with insulating walls, doors, floor and roof which retard
the rate of heat transmission between eh inside and the outside of the ULD.
A strap which secures a load to the ULD or the airplane restraint
Time Definite Delivery
Service standards offered by air freight carriers which permit the customer
to select a specific time frame for delivery. These service standards provide
schedule patterns based on same day, next day, second or third day delivery
needs and may include door-to-door, dock-to-dock or airport to airport service.
a short ton (2,00 lb) as compared to a long or gross ton of 2,240 lb.
Ton Mile The
common measurement of transportation productivity. One ton mile means one ton
of cargo flown one mile.
French spelling of ton used in the air industry to denote a metric ton (1,000
kg or 2,204.6 lb).
The international or metric version of ton mile. One tonne
kilometer means one tonne (metric) flown one kilometer.
A carriers system of following and recording movement intervals of shipments
from origin to destination.
towed vehicle with a roller platform for hauling ULDs between the cargo terminal
and the airplane. Trailers range from 10-ft dollies to 40-ft ISO-fitted chassis.
The roller platform may be powered or unpowered.
Transit Air Cargo Manifest (TACM)
Procedures under which air cargo imports move through
the gateway city to the city of final U.S. Customs destination for the collection
of duty and other import processing.
practice or technique of consolidation many small pieces of freight into a single
unit, usually through the use of aniline ULDs.
Unit Load A
number of pieces of freight or cargo in a single box or container, or on a pallet
held in place by a net, strapping, or similar device to make them suitable for
transporting, stacking, or storage as a unit. It is also a single large item
packaged for transporting, stacking, or storage.
Unit Load Device (ULD)
Term commonly used when referring to containers, pallets and pallet nets.
The purpose of the ULD is to enable individual pieces of cargo to be assembled
into standardized units to ease the rapid loading and unloading of airplanes
and to facilitate the transfer of cargo between airplanes have compatible handling
and restraint systems.
Transportation charges assessed shippers who declare a value of goods higher
than the value of the carriers limits of liability. See Declared Value for
An international multilateral treaty which regulates, in a uniform manner,
the conditions of international transportation by air. Among other things,
it establishes the international liability of air carriers and establishers
the monetary limits for loss, damage, and delay.
Weight and Balance Manual
Specific document for each airplane that controls the type and number of
ULDs that can be loaded, their allowable weight and information on alternating
Weight levels at which the air cargo rate unit decreases as
the shipment width increases. Weight breaks normally occur at standard intervals,
such as in international shipments 100, 220, 440, 660, 1100, 2200 pounds. Or
45, 100, 200, 300, 500, 1000 kilograms.
Abbreviations and Acronyms
ACI Air Cargo, Inc
ACL Allowable Cabin Load
ACR Air Cargo Resource, Inc.
AEV Articles of Extraordinary Value
AMF Airport Mail Facility
AOG Aircraft on Ground
ATA Air Transport Association of America
ATPCO Airline Tariff Publishing Company
AWB Air Waybill
CAB Civil Aeronautics Board (Defunct)
CIF Cost Insurance and Freight
COD Collect on Delivery
COMAT Company-Owned Material
DGI Dangerous Goods International
DOT Department of Transportation
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FAS Free Along Side
FTK Freight Tonne Kilometer
FOB Free on Board
GCR General commodity Rates
GMY Greenwich Mean Time
HAZMAT Hazardous Materials
IATA International Air Transport Association
ICAO Int’l Civil Aviation Organization
ISO Int’l Organization for Standardization
JIT Just in Time
LC Letter of Credit
LTL Less Than Truck Load
NES Not elsewhere Specified
NTSB National Transportation Safety board
OAG Official Airline Guide
ORM Other Regulated Material
PU&D Pick-up and delivery
RFS Road Feeder Servic
SCR Specific Commodity Rate
SED Shipper’s Export Declaration
TACM Transit Air Cargo Manifest
TACT The Air Cargo Tariff
ULD Unit Load Device
UTC Coordinated Universal Time
WAD World Aviation Directory